A domesticated breeds of small carnivorous mammal is the cat. In order to distinguish it from the family’s wild relatives, it is the only domesticated animals in the Felidae group and is frequently referred to as the domestic cat or house cat.
The cat has characteristics with other felid species in terms of its anatomy, including a strong, flexible body, rapid reflexes, keen teeth, and retractable claws designed for destroying small prey. It has a keen sense of smell and good night vision. Meowing, purring, trilling, hissing, growling, and grunting are just a few of the vocalisations and body language used by cats to communicate. The cat is a predator that hunts alone yet belongs to a gregarious species. It is most active around dawn and night. It is capable of picking up sounds that are too high in pitch or too weak for human ears, such those made by mice and other small creatures.
Cats and humans have been known to live since at least 9,500 years ago, when agriculture first appeared in the Middle East. In southern Cyprus, a cat skeleton was found alongside a human skeleton that belonged to that period.
The popularity of cats, particularly purebred varieties, has increased over time. Wide appeal stems from the cat’s independent nature, grace, cleanliness, and subdued expressions of affection. In general, cats are less sociable than dogs, who are more amenable to the addition of a new group member.